Happy Anniversary, Princess Therese von Sachsen-Hildburghausen

October is full of important events in German history and culture, including:

  • Martin Luther nails his 95 theses to the doors of the Hofkirche at Wittenberg in 1517.
  • The annual Oktoberfest[1] held in Munich since 1811.[2]
  • The birth of Friedrich “What doesn’t kill us makes us stronger.” Nietzche in 1844.
  • The death of Felix Salten (née Siegmund Salzmann), the author of Bambi, in 1945.
  • The post-Cold War reunification of East[3] and West Germany on October 3, 1990, now celebrated as Tag der Deutschen Einheit (German Unity Day).

To honor this momentous month, we take a look at the best and most influential works of German cinema,[4] from the early days of motion studies to the present. To compile this list, we consulted a variety of sources:

  • IMDb’s list of “Top 200 German Films” for the popular vote
  • Taste of Cinema’s “30 Essential German Films You Need To Watch”
  • The Local’s “10 epic German movies you have to watch before you die”
  • BFI’s “10 great German films of the 21st century”
  • de’s “Ten German films that you should know”

To this we added our own list of “Significant achievement in German cinema that don’t get the attention they deserve today for one reason or another” that were missing from the other lists.

German cinema dates back to November 1, 1895 with the first paid theatrical presentation in Europe and the establishment of Babelsberg Studio, the world’s first large-scale film studio, in 1921. This led to “The Golden Age of German Cinema,” which spanned the inter-war years from 1920-1933 and included the heyday of German Expressionism. Berlinale (the Berlin International Film Festival) was established in 1951 and is now one of the world’s leading film festivals and awards programs. Neue Deutsche Welle (New German Cinema) from 1962–1982 paralleled the French New Wave with young directors working with low budgets, launching the careers of such notables as Werner Herzog and Wim Wenders. German reunification in 1990 led to “Modern German Cinema.” As with many national film industries, German productions struggle against the Hollywood entertainment juggernaut and its draw on German talents to English-language cinema, including Roland Emmerich, Wolfgang Petersen, and Hans Zimmer.

We’re doing our small part to help promote German-language cinema with this list of the best/most influential German movies, presented here for your consideration.

The Best of German Cinema

Bold = Appears on multiple lists.

Title Year EIDR ID
Der Student von Prag (The Student of Prague) 1913 10.5240/D3C8-1334-A686-81D2-68D0-Y
Madame DuBarry (Passion) 1919 10.5240/27BF-875D-C1B7-3D2A-9C66-F
Das Kabinett des Doktor Caligari (The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari) 1920 10.5240/E795-2B0D-965A-5552-A424-2
Der Golem, wie er in die Welk kam (The Golem) 1920 10.5240/0C09-0A50-8C12-1BFA-D2B3-X
From Morn to Midnight 1920 10.5240/5556-B883-BBA6-D645-5EA3-P
Der müde Tod (The Destiny) 1921 10.5240/E5E3-81CD-8AF8-BCCD-AC53-R
Hamlet 1921 10.5240/324C-042F-F69F-59F7-9A31-P
Nosferatu, eine Symphonie des Grauens (Nosferatu) 1922 10.5240/4DA4-0765-DD7B-69F7-925E-W
Dr. Mabuse, der Spieler (Dr. Mabuse the Gambler) 1922 10.5240/3A1F-3789-2C81-1377-E1A3-C
Phantom 1922 10.5240/4CD6-5EC1-303A-9461-9DC9-G
Warning Shadows 1923 10.5240/1AB1-C8D9-72F7-AB89-C803-8
Der letzte Mann (The Last Laugh) 1924 10.5240/C2B2-92D3-1BB5-4708-C70E-U
Die Nibelungen: Siegfried 1924 10.5240/B104-428A-A3D8-662A-55A8-Z
Die Nibelungen: Kriemhild’s Revenge 1924 10.5240/D3E6-66C4-E14D-DA79-C01F-J
The Hands of Orlac 1924 10.5240/6189-B73C-A0B8-2873-0CD0-R
Waxworks 1924 10.5240/5EAD-3192-CA91-6F81-1711-E
Die Freudlose Gasse (The Joyless Street) 1925 10.5240/43E2-D723-75E6-C570-1271-A
Variety 1925 10.5240/39D9-F183-FC56-AA0C-BB6D-J
Faust 1926 10.5240/9F47-8139-7261-5F1B-AA6C-Q
Die Abenteuer des Prinzen Achmed (The Adventures of Prince Achmed) 1926 10.5240/9A44-6947-6A24-21AF-8BF0-7
Der Student von Prag  (The Man Who Cheated Life) 1926 10.5240/1455-4C28-58E6-882A-CB33-C
Der Heilige Berg 1926 10.5240/D4BF-3F03-8B29-FB4A-39EB-N
Herr Tartüff 1926 10.5240/4E05-5346-66EE-2967-8F1F-3
Metropolis 1927 10.5240/B158-B2CA-62BE-C5EF-50DC-2
Berlin die sinfonie der Grosstadt (Berlin: Symphony of a Great City) 1927 10.5240/5971-CD0F-82E2-5114-85D7-R
Spione (Spies) 1928 10.5240/976B-A763-937A-50B7-6D28-0
Abwege 1928 10.5240/3211-1D6E-0FF2-F35E-8BD7-R
Die Büchse der Pandora (Pandora’s Box) 1929 10.5240/3828-D4B7-F874-48F0-2F88-A
Tagebuch Einer Verlorenen (Diary of a Lost Girl) 1929 10.5240/3033-AE70-0082-8082-2D9D-M
Frau im Mond (Woman in the Moon) 1929 10.5240/BEE1-0099-106A-F2F9-BDCC-0
Det Blaue Engel (The Blue Angel) 1930 10.5240/B798-912E-0C8F-7AD1-7CAE-P
Westfront 1918 1930 10.5240/2AFA-28B2-F575-9FF3-090B-Q
Menschen am Sonntag (People on Sunday) 1930 10.5240/FE12-1837-3A42-C9EF-1123-2
Die Drei von der Tankstelle (Three from the Filling Station) 1930 10.5240/4EDD-D54E-974D-219F-BF90-P
M 1931 10.5240/0919-F3E6-898A-8CAE-A957-X
Kameradschaft (Comradeship) 1931 10.5240/5EB9-1A05-F02D-501F-EA7E-F
Die 3 Groschen-Oper (The 3 Penny Opera) 1931 10.5240/D5AC-D4EB-F207-19AE-08C2-9
Mädchen in Uniform 1931 10.5240/C705-59C2-CE54-AB5D-68BA-6
Der Kongress tanzt (Congress Dances) 1931 10.5240/BD79-73F9-0713-EFC0-C1B0-K
Der Mörder Dimitri Karamasoff 1931 10.5240/7F35-71D4-32CF-B729-B6A4-L
Vampyr 1932 10.5240/620D-7464-F030-12C1-75FD-U
Das blaue Licht – Eine Berglegende aus den Dolomiten (The Blue Light) 1932 10.5240/E697-7D06-071E-E0B2-D19D-U
Kuhle Wampe oder: Wem gehort die Welt? (Kuhle Wampe or Who Owns the World?) 1932 10.5240/D049-D947-0403-7ED0-AF2F-N
Liebelei 1933 10.5240/5498-C204-10F3-5E67-88ED-7
Das Testament des Dr. Mabuse (The Testament of Dr. Mabuse) 1933 10.5240/386A-6184-D759-E56C-54FE-W
Brennendes Geheimnis 1933 10.5240/69AD-2A62-707C-8BF8-9104-M
Maskerade (Masquerade in Vienna) 1934 10.5240/517E-946B-7F67-E82F-29D0-D
Gold 1934 10.5240/36F9-73BB-C72B-0D49-F8F5-Q
Triumph des Willens (Triumph of the Will) 1935 10.5240/E7D6-93E8-338A-83F0-5370-H
Olympia 1. Teil: Fest der Volker (Olympia Part One: Festival of the Nations) 1938 10.5240/C8DC-9A38-C18A-D554-C008-G
Olympia 2. Teil: Fest der Schonheit (Olympia Part Two: Festival of Beauty) 1938 10.5240/BE22-E928-08FE-3EDF-0921-V
Der Postmeister (The Stationmaster) 1940 10.5240/632E-19F4-4AD1-9348-FA52-X
Jud Süß 1940 10.5240/C63E-F83E-11A0-CB6E-27EB-P
Ohm Krüger (Uncle Kruger) 1941 10.5240/6EB4-2749-5453-0736-8039-H
Friedemann Bach 1941 10.5240/A614-E230-A578-A54D-46A6-A
Annelie 1941 10.5240/0CA8-9D33-4388-2F4A-4B9F-J
Komödianten (The Comedians) 1941 10.5240/912D-1A50-24D4-12DA-E397-M
Die goldene Stadt (The Golden City) 1942 10.5240/B66E-2FF3-A7E4-9DD7-3CDE-4
Titanic 1943 10.5240/5B20-EC70-9F2F-7359-D04A-I
Paracelsus 1943 10.5240/ABA1-98A8-2942-C84B-39BB-F
Romanze in Moll (Romance in a Minor Key) 1943 10.5240/8E28-F6C2-9169-561D-8BD9-O
Münchhausen (The Adventures of Baron Munchausen) 1943 10.5240/8D13-DD76-B18D-59A5-9F94-T
Opfergang (The Great Sacrifice) 1944 10.5240/1209-3C21-DE08-29CA-6809-M
Die Feuerzangenbowle 1944 10.5240/8102-AE68-4AC8-B8C4-569D-N
Die letzte Chance (The Last Chance) 1945 10.5240/B682-7FC7-4E29-DC1D-3876-S
Unter den Brücken (Under the Bridges) 1946 10.5240/073F-3139-4923-0920-14E6-8
Die Mörder sind unter uns (Murderers Among Us) 1946 10.5240/30F9-44AC-B912-6AD4-1B09-6
In jenen Tagen  (Seven Journeys) 1947 10.5240/0657-22CC-8F0D-C14F-3DB6-E
Ehe im Schatten (Marriage in the Shadows) 1947 10.5240/5DD9-F5EC-E7BE-201A-DAB0-C
Germania anno zero (Germany Year Zero) 1948 10.5240/1A5F-6917-A7BB-B329-D063-Q
Der Prozeß 1948 10.5240/29C9-E585-F3AA-D624-38C6-O
Rotation 1949 10.5240/A18F-0EA7-333F-B1EB-92D5-F
Der Verlorene 1951 10.5240/2A27-2F88-E1AB-64EB-2B28-0
Der Untertan (Man of Straw) 1951 10.5240/F5C6-5BC1-86B1-3B67-38EE-M
Die letzte Brücke (The Last Bridge) 1954 10.5240/FB0A-48E7-75B0-233A-BA6D-2
08/15 1954 10.5240/1382-475D-F2D7-105F-F643-2
Stärker als die Nacht (Stronger than the Night) 1954 10.5240/0F0F-B6F3-EDB8-A331-6CB0-6
Lola Montès 1955 10.5240/8A1B-B8CF-B12E-274B-6A42-3
Sissi 1955 10.5240/D8AC-22CA-95F1-4AC0-1449-A
Des Teufels General (The Devil’s General) 1955 10.5240/1C52-D7BC-5776-A523-ABEF-8
Kinder, Mutter und ein General (Sons, Mothers and a General) 1955 10.5240/2F69-739F-06A1-BDDB-00EF-9
08/15 – Zweiter Teil (08/15 Part 2) 1955 10.5240/A803-1FF0-6FC3-198D-5108-1
08/15 in der Heimat (08/15 at Home) 1955 10.5240/4D04-4541-1864-80B9-6D7A-6
Die Ratten 1955 10.5240/1AE3-587F-64A1-1393-C013-4
Der Hauptmann von Köpenick (The Captain from Köpenick) 1956 10.5240/961E-E02F-9663-5C91-C6D8-4
Adebar 1957 10.5240/1BA9-CC90-DCF7-3E42-6D2A-A
Schwechater 1958 10.5240/E475-1EEE-35F7-BD2F-948A-K
A Time to Love and a Time to Die 1958 10.5240/9B85-B14D-16B0-C80D-1387-K
Das Mädchen Rosemarie (Rosemary) 1958 10.5240/7A1A-E49E-3299-8746-29B6-I
 Der Tiger von Eschnapur (Tiger of Bengal) 1959 10.5240/ED4F-00B5-4646-CC72-8ED8-R
Das indische Grabmal (The Indian Tomb) 1959 10.5240/AA4B-EBEB-9556-F309-19EF-P
Die Brücke (The Bridge) 1959 10.5240/26F7-5076-7A1C-64CE-78F1-Q
Sterne (Stars) 1959 10.5240/A7B7-04F2-F6B5-A12D-5B77-4
Arnulf Rainer 1960 10.5240/4133-A187-4D01-114A-DAD0-9
Die 1000 Augen des Dr. Mabuse (The 1,000 Eyes of Dr. Mabuse) 1960 10.5240/8441-DE7F-AD19-9770-473A-T
Arme Leute (Poor People) 1963 10.5240/6250-AC81-D30E-2E6E-707F-G
Nicht versöhnt oder Es hilft nur Gewalt, wo Gewalt herrscht (Not Reconciled) 1965 10.5240/6006-0895-72C8-82E9-BC7E-F
Young Törless 1966 10.5240/8DD1-7A2B-A7FE-0F9E-40EB-F
Unsere Afrikareise 1966 10.5240/71F4-09C3-D8AC-A2C5-61F1-I
Abschied von Gestern: Anita G. (Yesterday Girl) 1966 10.5240/ECA0-6A5C-FE4A-E3BB-A8B5-C
Schonzeit für Füchse (No Shooting Time for Foxes) 1966 10.5240/5965-0E8F-A34D-114D-67D8-Q
Der Lachenden Mann (The Laughing Man) 1966 10.5240/77BC-F0CB-BD5D-B8E7-1DBF-N
Spur der Steine (Trace of Stones) 1966 10.5240/71CE-FDBC-B753-03F4-CC89-V
Lebenszeichen (Signs of Life) 1968 10.5240/AFE1-9E58-FABC-FB33-461F-N
Chronik der Anna Magdalena Bach (The Chronicle of Anna Magdalena Bach) 1968 10.5240/19E1-B907-420B-684F-8205-6
Die Artisten in der Zirkuskuppel: Ratlos  (The Artist in the Circus Dome: Clueless) 1968 10.5240/3A03-2088-3C55-DC3D-39A1-S
Heiligabend auf St. Pauli 1968 10.5240/083A-F507-EDBF-EB16-74F3-Z
Letzte Worte (Last Words) 1968 10.5240/3287-1CA7-9A5B-3281-D1C5-K
Necronomicon – Geträumte Sünden (Succubus) 1968 10.5240/95C2-E320-A521-7A45-3FC3-S
The Damned 1969 10.5240/306A-53B9-4AFF-1362-E704-J
The Sorrow and the Pity 1969 10.5240/60E0-1D16-FD5C-5AF5-E1D2-H
Katzelmacher 1969 10.5240/7A53-BA1C-FE57-6FA4-6607-C
Nicht löschbares Feuer (The Inextinguishable Fire) 1969 10.5240/F79F-1C83-EA52-39A6-590F-3
Gotter Der Pest (Gods of the Plague) 1970 10.5240/07C0-9A85-D511-7A50-36A9-F
Aguirre, the Wrath of God 1972 10.5240/2435-5B71-24DC-175B-37E8-2
Die bitteren Tränen der Petra von Kant (The Bitter Tears of Petra von Kant) 1972 10.5240/5D96-953A-18F3-A6EE-ECB3-O
Eolomea 1972 10.5240/446A-6F8C-A1E7-AC16-444F-I
Ludwig 1973 10.5240/C6D4-DFD0-2BD0-2644-C5B6-3
Der scharlachrote Buchstabe (The Scarlet Letter) 1973 10.5240/D555-9D4B-154E-D475-065B-Z
Alice in den Städten (Alice in the Cities) 1974 10.5240/6557-9AA0-30C0-506E-C225-H
The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser 1974 10.5240/6350-A269-C7A9-068B-0E2D-B
Angst essen Seele auf (Ali: Fear Eats the Soul) 1974 10.5240/7E89-E5A0-0718-DE1C-72EB-W
Effi Briest 1974 10.5240/0715-9AF4-451D-8187-CE71-M
Die verlorene Ehre der Katharina Blum (The Lost Honor of Katharina Blum) 1975 10.5240/93C3-8257-B9C5-ED74-0563-M
Im Lauf Der Zeit (Kings of the Road) 1976 10.5240/4239-D195-F723-0902-23CE-R
Der amerikanische Freund (The American Friend) 1977 10.5240/CFEC-ABDE-2D85-F0AD-D29B-J
Das Schlangenei (The Serpent’s Egg) 1977 10.5240/FBEA-F34B-5373-D054-1FFC-8
Stroszek 1977 10.5240/6241-0455-5E15-10A0-0919-E
In einem Jahr mit 13 Monden (In a Year with 13 Moons) 1978 10.5240/9671-CE5C-6244-229C-FFB4-1
The Marriage of Maria Braun 1979 10.5240/5673-84BD-56D8-7801-B2B6-J
Die Blechtrommel (The Tin Drum) 1979 10.5240/B7D1-C480-65B6-E8DD-C7A1-W
Nosferatu: Phantom der Nacht (Nosferatu the Vampyre) 1979 10.5240/A6F8-DD91-D127-6081-15F2-1
Aus dem Leben der Marionetten (From the Life of the Marionettes) 1980 10.5240/B5D7-EAB4-E78A-6DDF-E12F-B
Deutschland Bleiche Mutter (Germany Pale Mother) 1980 10.5240/5434-E271-636F-0D9C-2B7E-8
Berlin Alexanderplatz 1980 10.5240/25E8-DFD5-E73E-C038-744D-U
Mephisto 1981 10.5240/7E34-0EBC-3871-B4D9-0AEB-V
Lola 1981 10.5240/D497-4191-73D5-3B1D-8245-I
Das Boot (The Boat) 1981 10.5240/5BE3-94DC-4C6F-37D5-D693-V
Christiane F. 1981 10.5240/17E6-3380-5C01-EB53-12A8-A
Fitzcarraldo 1982 10.5240/C71C-8770-AFE1-7101-C0E6-P
Oberst Redl (Colonel Redl) 1985 10.5240/B6EA-F9A1-AAC0-B73B-A90A-M
Wings of Desire 1987 10.5240/2D34-1CCE-C98E-5D97-140C-D
Hanussen 1988 10.5240/2558-FDA4-0FF5-B3FB-6F7B-Q
Der siebente Kontinent (The Seventh Continent) 1989 10.5240/F5ED-ECBD-9F59-DAE9-E30C-4
Das schreckliche Mädchen (The Nasty Girl) 1990 10.5240/B734-4715-4A71-E61A-7C76-T
Hitlerjunge Salomon (Europa Europa) 1990 10.5240/E802-02B9-CA1C-1546-2633-4
Bis ans Ende der Welt (Until the End of the World) 1991 10.5240/4224-BBC0-846B-E239-ED6E-7
Europa 1991 10.5240/1E98-7EAB-A04A-0788-1D33-2
Pappa Ante Portas 1991 10.5240/19CC-2F6B-F6E0-9AA9-B1BA-U
Benny’s Video 1992 10.5240/657C-4E87-74B9-B5F9-F3BA-F
Videogramme einer Revolution 1992 10.5240/FAFA-DFCF-B999-7752-B553-L
Lektionen in Finsternis (Lessons of Darkness) 1992 10.5240/DAC7-E171-7D1D-70CA-3006-4
Taiga 1992 10.5240/C547-40F4-5B39-DEC8-678F-B
71 Fragmente einer Chronologie des Zufalls (71 Fragments of a Chronology of Chance) 1994 10.5240/9469-5E84-11BC-B8AE-468A-3
The Deathmaker 1995 10.5240/1D28-9603-5D17-D047-731F-2
Funny Games 1997 10.5240/9042-BDC5-26D7-8AEF-0351-H
Das Schloß (The Castle) 1997 10.5240/F70E-C664-D704-E241-8C8F-A
Little Dieter Needs to Fly 1997 10.5240/CBC4-792D-410D-8898-301E-0
Tom Tykwer (Run Lola Run) 1998 10.5240/E089-E9AD-C2CB-74E8-589E-E
Kurz und schmerzlos (Short Sharp Shock) 1998 10.5240/DD87-D89A-EF69-C95D-4FFC-4
Mein liebster Feind – Klaus Kinski (My Best Fiend) 1999 10.5240/E3A8-FC79-873D-3D82-D569-7
The Experiment 2001 10.5240/9056-18D4-A7B8-90A3-49A4-3
Nirgendwo in Afrika (Nowhere in Africa) 2002 10.5240/B93E-FAC0-473B-10AA-C36D-D
Tattoo 2002 10.5240/D15E-709B-615E-C7BE-61C8-6
Good Bye Lenin! 2003 10.5240/70A3-EB39-4318-D464-A8E3-O
Der Untergang (Downfall) 2004 10.5240/90B8-917D-FA2D-8B1A-65E3-1
Antares 2004 10.5240/EBC7-0982-9152-80D3-3B25-0
Die fetten Jahre sind vorbei (The Edukators) 2004 10.5240/41F6-673E-12A2-EC56-189B-L
Gegen die Wand (Head-On) 2004 10.5240/D66F-FE67-CC23-2D36-128B-9
Das Leben der Anderen (The Lives of Others) 2006 10.5240/C593-E557-7880-8F4E-6DC4-B
Zwartboek (Black Book) 2006 10.5240/5A51-EED5-8DE2-1D85-C5DC-H
Perfume: The Story of a Murderer 2006 10.5240/8FA4-B9CE-470F-E797-EF56-L
Requiem 2006 10.5240/0D29-87BC-21B4-F5F3-549E-W
Auf der anderen Seite (The Edge of Heaven) 2007 10.5240/EC19-7368-141F-9841-BD79-7
Yella 2007 10.5240/CD04-F35A-27F0-A295-97F9-1
Die Fälscher (The Counterfeiters) 2007 10.5240/CA15-252E-A9BB-6A28-4FE8-C
Eight Miles High 2007 10.5240/2FFD-6B09-BFEB-2BFB-E1E9-R
My Fuhrer 2007 10.5240/6ADF-625C-DEC4-EE83-1C18-T
Der Baader-Meinhof Komplex (The Baader Meinhof Complex) 2008 10.5240/537A-1630-603A-304A-9259-T
Die Welle (The Wave) 2008 10.5240/5A1F-960C-C2AF-9568-9BE7-4
Kirschblüten – Hanami (Cherry Blossoms) 2008 10.5240/2C00-7A4A-0EDE-315A-CA4B-8
The White Ribbon 2009 10.5240/9A80-68AD-1FAE-8DC0-6A68-7
Anonymous 2011 10.5240/47E5-BFDA-4B13-900A-3FD1-U
Pina 2011 10.5240/29B2-B2F0-BFFD-4FB5-E68A-K
Stopped on Track 2011 10.5240/2780-B4C1-B5B4-3E3A-6C0C-N
Liebe (Amour) 2012 10.5240/E162-918A-1D5A-B963-556B-S
Barbara 2012 10.5240/4BD8-9705-5801-E67C-E28A-B
Lore 2012 10.5240/83D7-DAF2-42AE-C793-1A28-J
Hannah Arendt 2012 10.5240/8723-1AEA-0653-5F6E-AC48-D
A Coffee in Berlin 2012 10.5240/A925-331F-C670-4F38-51B1-W
Unsere Mütter, Unsere Väter (Generation War) 2013 10.5240/6EF7-E1F8-0FAB-DFDC-1926-X
Fack ju Göhte (Fuck you, Goethe) 2013 10.5240/6F41-0F0F-2BAB-42C7-BF3B-Q
Phoenix 2014 10.5240/E189-A8F3-FBE6-0AE6-7E7E-T
A Most Wanted Man 2014 10.5240/65EC-C27E-0124-8DE4-99C7-L
Kreuzweg (Stations of the Cross) 2014 10.5240/8476-C5B6-8C88-EF7C-6208-C
Victoria 2015 10.5240/2BCC-F4F9-FE6C-E4C7-BC6F-K
Fack ju Göhte 2 (Fuck you, Goethe 2) 2015 10.5240/04D2-5302-81B4-2705-9C50-D
Toni Erdmann 2016 10.5240/206B-660E-A22A-4889-6346-1
Tschick (Goodbye Berlin) 2016 10.5240/30C6-0928-3EFB-7D85-C6D7-W
Der Hauptmann (The Captain) 2017 10.5240/DC3B-62E4-9B8F-AE46-5F9F-J
Aus Dem Nichts (In the Fade) 2017 10.5240/5100-9A49-F986-88B2-5272-R
Fack ju Göhte 3 (Fuck you, Goethe 3) 2017 10.5240/10D6-EC39-E83A-29C1-7107-0
Lillian 2019 10.5240/9718-C489-64FF-F130-F2B7-U
Der Goldene Handschuh (The Golden Glove) 2019 10.5240/C238-4A6C-D10E-307D-E342-P

[1] Fun Fact: While it’s called “Oktoberfest,” it actually starts in September and ends on the 1st Sunday in October.

[2] Oktoberfest began as the annual celebration of the marriage of Bavarian Crown Prince Ludwig (later King Ludwig I) and Princess Therese of Saxe‑Hildburghausen on October 12, 1810.

[3] Fun Fact: Any country with “democratic” in its name — German Democratic Republic, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo — probably isn’t.

[4] Technically, German-language cinema, since we include a variety of German-language works originating the various incarnations of Germany as well as neighboring European countries, including Austria and Switzerland.